(June 28, 1824 –
born in Habersham County, Georgia, to William H. Wofford and Nancy M. Tatum.
His father died when he was only
first experienced military life in 1847 during the Mexican-American War, where
he was a captain in the Georgia Mounted Volunteers. Wofford was mustered out of
the volunteer service on
He was a delegate to the Southern convention of 1858, and a member of the secession convention of 1861. Even though he had previously voted against secession, but offered his services to his state and the Confederate Army. He was appointed a colonel in the Georgia State Militia, then a captain in the 18th Georgia Infantry in April 1861. On April 25 Wofford was promoted to colonel, and served in North Carolina and Virginia before being assigned to Brig. Gen. John Bell Hood's Texas Brigade. He saw action at Yorktown, Eltham's Landing, and Seven Pines during the Peninsula Campaign. Wofford and the 18th also fought at Second Bull Run and Antietam, where he commanded the Texas Brigade.
1862, Wofford and the 18th Georgia were transferred to the Georgia Brigade of
Brig. Gen. Thomas R. R. Cobb. They fought under Cobb at the Battle of
Fredericksburg in December, defending the famous stone wall at the base of
Marye's Heights. Brigadier General Cobb was mortally wounded in the battle, and
Wofford assumed command of his brigade (Cobb’s Legion) and was promoted to
brigadier general on
Traveling to Georgia with Longstreet's First Corps to reinforce the Army of Tennessee, Wofford arrived on the field too late to participate in the Battle of Chickamauga. His whereabouts are unknown during Longstreet's siege of Knoxville, Tennessee. Wofford fought in the Overland Campaign at the Wilderness and Spotsylvania Court House, and was wounded in both battles.
He left the
Army of Northern Virginia before the Richmond-Petersburg Campaign and assumed
command of the Subdistrict of Northern Georgia, of the District of Georgia,
Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida on
He held that
post he held until he surrendered
the last significant
organized southern troops ( about 3000 to 4000) east of the Mississippi to
Major Battles: Battle of Yorktown, Battle of Eltham's Landing, Battle of Seven Pines, Second Battle of Bull Run, Battle of Antietam, Battle of Fredericksburg, Battle of Chancellorsville, Battle of Gettysburg, Battle of the Wilderness, and Battle of Spotsylvania Court House.
war Wofford was a planter and active in the law, Democratic politics, and
education. He was elected
to Congress, but was refused his seat by radical Republicans.
delegate to the Georgia Constitutional Convention of 1877, he argued for the
repeal of convict leasing, for Confederate veterans' benefits, and for
African-American education. He championed
an adequate school system, creation of juvenile reformatory, and protection of
black suffrage in Georgia.
Many of his ideas appeared in the platform of the Populist Party
a decade later.
General Wofford died peacefully in his sleep after a lengthy illness
Note: He was a 1st Cousin, three
generations removed to Benjamin Wofford, the founder of
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